英语从句如何改为分词短语结构?这几个例子帮助你学习!

英语的学习中不是背几个单词就能学会的,学习英语的时候语法非常的重要,不懂语法进入高中之后的英语就会更加的困难。所以说大家啊一定要注意语法的学习。英语中涉及到的语法非常的多,在英语的学习中从句如何改变为分词短语的结构呢?这个问题也会出现在高考当中,但是考察的形式可能并不一样,小编给出大家几个例子帮助大家学习!

 英语中的从句如何改为分词短语结构?这几个例子帮助你学习!

当时间状语、原因状语、条件状语及定于从句的主语与主句的主语一致时,都可以把从句变成分词短语。变化后的句子更加简洁、严谨,具体方法笔者将进行讲解。

1.当从句的谓语动词是主动语态的一般时态或者进行时态时,变从句为一般式的现在分词短语

比如这个句子:When he saw nobody at home,he decided to leave them a note.

可以变为:Seeing nobody at home,he decided to leave them a note.

2.当从句的谓语动词是“be+形容词或名词”的系表结构,变从句为“be+表语”的现在分词短语

比如这个句子:As he was ill,he asked for sick leave from school.

可以变为:Being ill,he asked for sick leave from school.

3.当从句的谓语动词是“be+过去分词”的结构时,变从句为过去分词短语

比如这个句子:As they are led by the party,the people have rapidly improved their life.

可以变为:Led by the party,the people have rapidly improved their life.

4.当从句的谓语动词是完成时态,变从句为完成式现在分词短语

比如这个句子:As I had learned driving cars several years before,I easili passed the driving test.

可以变为:Having earned driving cars several years before,I easili passed the driving test.

5.当从句是after引导的,谓语动词是一般时态,也变从句为完成式的现在分词短语

例如这个句子:After he switched the light,he left the office.

可以变为:Having switched the light,he left the office.

6.从句是否定句,把从句变成否定式分词短语,即“not+分词短语”

例如这个句子:Because she did not know how to open the door,he asked me for help.

可以变为:Not knowing how to open the door,he asked me for help.

7.从句是名词作主语时,应将这个名次调到主句的主语位置,再作从句的改写

例如这个句子:When Tom was lost in thought.he almost ran into a car.

可以变为:Lost in thought.he almost ran into a car.

8.当从句是含“be+现在分词或过去分词”构成的定语从句时,变从句为一般式的分词短语

例如这个句子:The number of people who were killed or seriously injured reached more than 400,000.

可以变为:The number of people killed or seriously injured reached more than 400,000.

9.有时,也可以把一些并列分句改成分词短语

例如这个句子:The teacher came in and he was followed by some students.

可以变为:The teacher came in,followed by some students.

其实学习语法确实是一件比较困难的事情,这就需要大家平常的时候遇到问题多积累多学习,建议大家建立学习笔记,记录一些相关的内容,帮助自己学习有关的语法!